Table 1

Patient demographic features

ProfileNo. of patients*
n = 10
Mean age (range), yr49.5 (38– 59)
Sex
 Male8
 Female2
Ejection fraction
 >5510
Left ventricular function
 Grade I10
NYHA
 Grade I2
 Grade II4
 Grade III4
 Grade IV0
Smoking4
Hypertension1
Diabetes (oral)1
Diabetes (insulin)0
Stroke0
COPD0
Endocarditis2
Atrial fibrillation (remote)1
  • COPD = chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; NYHA = New York Heart Association.

  • * Unless otherwise indicated.

  • One patient had endocarditis in 1985 followed by a transient ischemic attack (TIA). The other patient had endocarditis in 2003 with no TIA on follow-up.