Table 1

Summary of Results From the Questionnaire to Medical Students on Organ Donation

Correct responses to knowledge testedCorrect, %
Family wishes override wishes expressed on an organ donor card.41
Organs are allocated to critical patients first, then to those who have waited longest.60
Brain death means that the patient is dead not in a coma.64
Persons who die at the scene of an accident can donate tissues, not organs.13
Persons at high risk for HIV cannot donate to persons not at risk for HIV.43
Proof of brain damage, exclusion of reversible causes of coma, and absent brainstem reflexes are all required to make a diagnosis of brain death.67
Primary brain tumour is not a contraindication to organ donation. Diabetes, melanoma, cardiovascular disease, and bacteremia may be contraindications.44
People of all religious groups should be approached about organ donation.50
If possible, other family members should be with the next of kin when the request for organ donation is made.32
The next of kin should be told which organs are suitable for transplantation.84
The process for removing organs should be explained.56
Ideally, the family rather than the physician would initiate discussion about the near future after a diagnosis of brain death is made.12
Requesting organ donation usually does not add to a family’s grief.77