Table 2

Summary of preoperative nutritional interventions

Nutritional interventionPerson implementing interventionPatient complianceAmbulatory capacity
Trimodal prehabilitationKinesiologist, nutritionist, dietitian, or psychologistLower (prehabilitation implemented at home and requires effort by patient)High
Modified PPNDietitianHighLimited
Arginine and N-3 fatty acid immunonutrition (oral)Physician, dietitian, or nurseModerate-high (may be lower than nasal feeding or modified PPN because patient must ensure intake)High
Arginine and N-3 fatty acid immunonutrition (nasal feeding)DietitianHighLimited
  • PPN = peripheral parenteral nutrition.